Acquired Drives in Service of an Unlimited Number of Dispensable Goals

The ability to acquire an irrepressible urge for a goal that is not necessary for survival of the individual or species represents the most sophisticated function of the telencephalon. Though the development of an acquired drive always originates in one way or another from an innate drive, this relation later becomes unrecognizable. Humans are the only living beings on earth whose life is predominantly based on acquired drives. To a certain extent, a minority of the mammalian species (the...

Definition of Enhancer Regulation pPhenylethylamine PEA and Tryptamine Endogenous Enhancer Substances

We can define enhancer regulation as the existence of enhancer-sensitive neurons capable of changing their excitability in a split second and working on a higher activity level, due to natural enhancer substances. Of the agents with such effect, for the time being, only P-phenylethylamine PEA and tryptamine have been experimentally analyzed Knoll 2001,2003 . Though enhancer sensitive neurons exist also outside the mesencephalon, we used the term mesencephalic enhancer regulation to emphasize...